Do You Own Land?
One of the most important actions that can be taken to support the new agrarians is to facilitate their access to land. This is the most fundamental challenge facing anyone who wants to farm. America’s farmers and farmland owners are aging, and the ownership and control of America’s farmland is being passed to their heirs, many of whom do not farm. But it is these new owners who will decide who farms the land and under what type of lease—and even how it will be farmed. And if they opt to sell the land, they are deciding who will control its future. If you own farmland or are involved in deciding how land is used and by whom, then no matter where you live there are new and beginning farmers who would love to have the chance to work your land. Organizations such as the National Farm Transition Network and the National Young Farmers’ Coalition can help put you in touch with people eager to farm. More than 20 states operate land-link programs designed to connect people interested in farming with farmers nearing retirement or landowners with vacant land.
You may be thinking, “I don’t own any land, so this doesn’t apply to me.” But think again: Do you belong to a church or a land trust? If so, it probably owns land that could be used for local food production. The best way to find out if an organization you belong to owns land that could be farmed is simply to ask a board member or whoever is in charge. Many “nontraditional” landowners—organizations owning or controlling farmland—could assist new agrarians if they chose to. The same is true for other landowners. Think of the acres of grass surrounding many office buildings and school campuses, as well as the lands owned by utilities and local governments. Successful urban farming programs such as Growing Power in Milwaukee and Cultivate Kansas City are using innovative partnerships with municipal governments to gain access to vacant urban land and put it to work in training programs to assist new farmers. You may not own the land, but if you are a voter, a member, or a shareholder, you can raise the issue: “What are we doing with our land?” and help influence decisions on making it available for people who want to farm.
We Are All Citizens
Even if you can’t think of any land you own or influence, remember, we are all citizens who can vote. Across the nation, cities and local governments are asking how they can help create opportunities in the food system, so people can have access to healthy food and can find jobs and careers in food production. One step many are taking is to create a city food policy council, such as in Baltimore, Chicago, Minneapolis, and Portland. The goal is to seek input from citizens so cities can make better policy choices, such as using city parks as sites for community gardens or changing zoning laws to promote urban farming.
Farmers, marketers, and citizens are constantly writing America’s food future. The surging interest in local food and the recognition that healthy food is essential to addressing America’s health-care future are opening new opportunities for people who want to raise this food. We all have the ability to support the new agrarians and promote the values of food democracy: being able to choose what we eat, knowing how our food is raised, and supporting local actions and engaging citizens to benefit society.
Neil D. Hamilton is the Dwight Opperman chair and professor of law and director of the Agricultural Law Center at Drake University in Des Moines, Iowa.