“This is a perfect example of the failure of our regulatory system,” says Jamie Silberberger of the National Healthy Nail and Beauty Salon Alliance, a coalition of public-health advocates pushing for better product safety and improved health conditions in nail and hair salons. “These nail polishes continue to be used in salons, yet salon workers and consumers are so misinformed about them.”
“It’s just like what happened with Brazilian Blowouts,” she adds, referring to the popular hair-salon treatment that was found to contain high levels of formaldehyde despite the fact that the product’s manufacturer advertised that it was formaldehyde free. The lack of regulation of beauty products and cosmetics in the United States leaves salon workers, and consumers, susceptible to products that have been labeled as safe when they’re instead very harmful, she says.
It’s not as though this was simply a case of contamination or a bad batch, she says. “The levels of toluene and dibutyl phthalate found were high enough to suggest that they were intentionally added.”
There were a few positives in the report, however. For one, OPI, the brand of nail polish most widely used in salons, was found to be free of all three toxic chemicals, and all the nail polishes tested were free of formaldehyde.
If you’re too in love with a weekly manicure and don’t want to give it up just yet, Siberberger says that it is possible to find a healthy salon. She suggests inquiring what a salon is doing to improve ventilation and if it uses toxic-trio-free polishes. Though this report shows that claims can be misleading, or downright false, salons do respond to consumer pressure.
You can also avoid salons entirely and give yourself a manicure at home with legitimately nontoxic nail polishes. Honeybee Gardens and Aquarella are two nail polish brands that are water-based, rather than solvent-based, and have earned low-hazard ratings from the Environmental Working Group's Skin Deep Cosmetic Safety Database.